© 2023 Dmitry Pechalov

Suguha (直刃) – Genetic term for describing the straight hamon.

Munechika (宗近, ko, midare), Rai Kunitoshi (来國俊), Rai Kunimitsu (来國光, ashi), Ryōkai (了戒, ashi, midare), Yoshinori (吉則), Arikuni (有國), Yoshimitsu (吉光, Awataguchi), Kuniyoshi (國吉),  Norikuni (則國), Kunitomo (國友), Hisakuni (久國), Kunikiyo (國清), Kunimitsu (國光), Mitsutada (光忠), Taima (當麻), Kaneuji (包氏), Kanenaga (包永), Norinaga (則長, ko-ashi), Suekuni (末國, ko, midare), Tomomitsu (友光, 1st), Yukihira (行平), Yasunori (安則), Yoshimitsu (吉光), Suekane (末包), Sukenaga (助長), Aritoshi (有俊), Yukimitsu (行光, Sōshū), Masahiro (正廣), Shintōgo (新藤五), Kuniyasu (國泰), Yamanouchi Kunihiro (山内国弘), Yamanouchi Yoshimune (山内吉宗), Toshinaga (俊長, Gōshū), Tofuji (外藤, Nōshū), Kaneyoshi (兼
吉), Kanekuni (兼國), Kaneoto (兼音), Mōgusa Yukishige (舞草行重, Ōshū), Toshiyasu (世安
), Gassan (月山, Ushū
), Chiyozuru (千代鶴, Echizen, ko), Ietsugu (家次, Kashū), Yoshiie (吉家), Yasutsuna (安綱, Hōki, ko, midare), Michinaga (道永
), Munetsugu (宗継, Iwami), Yoshisue (祥末), Yukimune (行宗, Harima), Mitsukane (光包, Bizen), Nagamitsu (長光), Motoshige (元重), Yoshimochi (吉用, ashi), Kagemitsu (景光), Naganori (長則), Morishige (守重), Unjū (雲重), Unshō (雲住), Kagenori (景則, midare), Motoshige (元重, ashi, midare), Hidekage (秀景), Saneshige (眞重, ashi), Morinobu (守信), Moritsugu (守次), Yoshiuji (吉氏), Yasuhiro (保弘), Yoshimitsu (吉光), Shigetsune (重恒), Shigeyasu (重安), Tomomune (朝宗), Yukimitsu (足光), Kanemitsu (兼光), Morimitsu (盛光), Norimitsu (則光), Tsuneie (経家), Tadamitsu (忠光), Kiyomitsu (清光), Aoe (青江
, ashi), Yukihisa (幸久), Nyūsai (入西, Aki), Nyūsai (入寒
, Kii), Yoshimitsu (吉光), Jitsu’a (實阿
), Sairen (西蓮), Miike (三池
), Shinsoku (神息), Chōen (長圓, ko-midare), Nagamori (長盛), Yukihira (行平, ko-midare), Mitsuyo (光世, Bizen), Kuniyoshi (國吉), Yukimune (行宗), Masakuni (昌國).

Chū-suguha (中直刃) – The medium width suguha

Rai Kunitsugu (来國次), Nakajima Rai (中島来
), Yoshinori (吉則, ko, midare), Kunikiyo (國清, Awataguchi), Norikuni (則國), Kanenaga (包永), Norinaga (則長), Kaga-Shiro line (加賀四郎), Shimada (島田), Kunihiro (國廣, Sōshū, ko-midare), Hirotsugu (廣次), Yoshihiro (吉廣), Kanetsugu (兼次), Toshinaga (壽命
), Kamiichimaru (上一丸, Ōshū), Yasunobu (安信, Yamamura), Munemitsu (宗光, Sakushū), Mitsukane (光包, Bizen), Naganori (長則, ashi), Nagamori (長守), Unshō (雲生, ashi), Kunimune (國宗, ashi), Sanetoshi (眞利), Yukihide (行秀), Tomonari (友成), Tōchika (遠近), Yoshikane (吉包, ashi, midare), Nobuzane (信眞, ashi), Shigenori (重則), Noritsugu (則次), Nagamitsu (長光), Sanemori (眞守, ashi), Yukizane (幸眞, ashi), Motoshige (元重, ashi), Chikakage (近景), Aoe (青江
), Toshitsugu (俊次, midare), Kuniyoshi (國吉, ko, midare), Naminohira (波平), Chikatoshi (近壽).

Hiro-suguha (廣直刃) – The wide straight hamon line.

Kunitoshi (國俊, niji, ashi), Kuniyuki (國行, ashi), Rai Kunimitsu (来國光, chōji), Kunitsuna (國綱, Awataguchi, chōji), Kunitsuna (國綱, Yamanouchi), Sanemori (眞守, ko-midare), Tadasada (忠貞, ko), Masatsune (正恒, Bizen, chōji), Yoshikane (吉包, ko-chōji), Kunitsuna (國綱, ko-midare), Suketsuna (助綱), Yoshihura (吉平, midare), Yoshimune (吉宗, chōji), Yasutsugu (安次, Bitchū), Aoe (青江), Masaie (正家), Masahiro (正廣), Shigekuni (重國).

Ō-midare (大乱刃) – Large dimensioned midare (irregular hamon pattern which comes in many varieties).

Kaneuji (包氏), Kanenaga (包永), Shimada (島田), Tsunamune (綱宗), Kaneuji (兼氏), Suketsuna (助綱), Nagayoshi (長義), Nagamori (長守), Sa Sadayuki (左定行).

Mimigata no midare (耳形の乱
) - Ear-shaped hamon pattern.  

Nobukuni (信國), Hōju (宝壽).

Ko-midareba (小乱刃) – Small dimensioned midare.

Rai Kunimitsu (来國光), Sugawara Kuninaga (菅原國長), Tomonaga (友長), Ryōkai (了戒, ko-ashi [小足]),
 Daruma (達磨), Hisakuni (久國), Kuniyasu (國安, chōji), Suetaka (末宝
, Chūman), Yukihira (行平), Norinaga (則長), Masamura (正村, Nōshū), Kamiichimaru (上一丸), Gassan (月山
), Chiyozuru (千代鶴, ko), Yasutsuna (安綱), Tomonari (友成, sue), Yukikuni (行國), Sukekane (助包), Kanehira (包平), Sukechika (助近), Takahira (高平), Nobufusa (信房, hoso-suguba), Nobufusa (延房
), Muneyoshi (宗吉, 2nd), Nagakane (永包), Yasunori (安則), Yukisada (幸貞), Unshō (雲生), Unji (雲次), Unjū (雲重), Kagenori (景則), Tamekiyo (為清), Norimune (則宗, sue), Yukihide (行秀), Nagamoto (長元), Yoshimitsu (吉光), Chikafusa (近房), Nobumoto (信元), Tomoshige (朝重
), Sukechika (助近), Kunizane (國真), Sukemura (助村), Moriie (守家), Nobumasa (信正), Sadazane (貞真), Kanetsugu (包次, Aoe, midare), Ichijō (一乗), Nagafusa (長房), Tomo group (鞆), Ichiō (一王), Yasuyoshi (安吉), Seibutsu (生佛, Chikuzen), Chōen (長圓), Yukihira (行平), Yasunori (安則), Kunitsuna (國綱), Naminohira (波平).

Suguha-ni-ko-midareba (直刃小乱刃) - Small dimensioned midare (irregular hamon pattern) elements based on straight hamon.

Rai Kunimitsu (来國光), Ryōkai (了戒), Nakajima Rai (中島来
), Kuniyasu (國安, Awataguchi), Yukihira (行平, Yamato), Senjū ́in Nagamichi (千手院永道), Morihiro (守弘, Kashū), Morishige (守重), Morihiro (森弘), Kanehira (包平), Masatsune (正恒), Tōchika (遠近), Sanetoshi (真利), Shigenori (重則), Kageyasu (景安), Nagamitsu (長光), Yukihide (行秀), Koresuke (是助), Tsunemori (恒守), Unshō (雲住), Unji (雲次), Unjū (雲重), Naganori (長則), Sukekuni (助國), Yukiie (幸家), Yoshiuji (吉氏), Sukeyoshi (助吉, ashi, large chōji), Kanetsugu (包次, Aoe), Masatsune (正恒), Sairen (西蓮), Jitsu’a (實阿
), Chōen (長圓), Ryōkai (了戒), Kuniyasu (國泰).

Yahazu midare (矢筈乱) - Forked or dove-tail shaped midare elements that resemble arrow notches (yahazu). 

Sanjō Yoshinori (三条吉則)

Gunome (互の目) – Lit. “reciprocal eyes/elements.” A series of waves that look like similarly-sized semicircles. There are a lot of variants of this hamon interpretation referred to by their shapes. 

 

Tadasada (忠貞)

Fundō-ba (分銅刃) – A Hamon interpretation which resembles scale weights.


Hasebe (長谷部)

Uma-no-ha ba (馬の歯刃) – A hamon interpretation that consists of regular large gunome elements which remind of horse teeth. 

Masamune (正宗), Sadamune (貞宗), Kaneuji (兼氏
).

Nezumi-ashi (鼠足) – Lit. “rat’s legs.” Sugu-ha based hamon interpretation which resembles very small rat’s legs (ashi). 

Ryōkai (了戒, sugu), Sukekane (助包, sugu), Yukisada (幸貞).

Juzu-ba (数珠刃) – A hamon of regular and uniform, roundish gunome which reminds of a Buddhist rosary (数珠 - juzu). 

Sadatoshi (定利), Kuniyasu (國安, Awataguchi), Kageyasu (景安).

Ō-gunome (大互の目) – Lit. “reciprocal eyes/elements.” A series of large waves that look like similarly-sized semicircles. 

Nobukuni (信國), Shimada (島田), Morisada (守貞), Naotsuna (直綱
), Morihisa (守久), Sue Nagamitsu (末長光), Yasumitsu Rui (康光類), Norimitsu (則光), Sadaie (貞家), Sadamitsu (貞光), Koremitsu (是光
), Ichijō (一乗), Akikuni (顯國, ō-midare), Kunihiro (國弘), Sue Miike (末三池).

Nokogiri-ba (鋸刃) – A gunome with uniformly straight yakigashira but where each element slants towards the valley. As this hamon reminds of sawtooth pattern (nokogiri), is also referred to as kataochi-gunome (片落ち互の目). 

Kuniyuki (國行, Bungo, ko-chōji), Kaneyoshi (包吉), Kanemitsu (兼光), Tomomitsu (倫光), Sanenaga (真長, sugu), Nagayoshi (長義, midare), Kagemitsu (景光), Yoshimitsu (義光), Morishige (盛重), Shigeuji (重氏), Motoshige (元重, azuki, ashi), Morikage (守景, gunome), Motomitsu (基光), Kanenaga (兼長, midare), Kagemasa (景政, ko-midare), Motomasa (基政, ko-gunome), Hidekage (秀景), Mitsuhiro (光弘), Sue Nagamitsu (末長光), Nariie (成家), Yoshii school (吉井), Masamitsu (政光, gunome), Yoshikage (義景, midare), Shigezane (重真, ko-nie-deki, midare).

Gunome-midare (互の目乱れ) – Gunome mixed with midare.

Tokinobu (時信, Yamashiro), Hasebe (長谷部), Nobukuni (信國, ko, midare), Kanenaga (包永, sugu), Kaneuji (包氏, ko), Norinaga (則長, ko), Sukenaga (助長), Sue Kanenaga (末包永, ko), Hirotsugu (廣次), Kaneuji (兼氏), Kanetsugu (兼次), Kanenobu (兼信), Kinjū (金重), Sue Jumyō (末壽命), Tametsuna (為綱), Masatoshi (正利), Senjū ́in (千手院, midare), Michinaga (道永), Naotsuna (直綱, midare), Suetsugu (末継), Koresuke (是助, Bizen), Kunimori (國盛), Tsuneshige (恒重), Tsunehiro (恒弘), Nagamori (長守, ko-midare), Masamitsu (政光), Yoshii school (吉井), Nobumoto (信元), Sadamitsu (定光), Shigemitsu (重光), Noriyoshi (則吉), Shigetsune (重恒), Morikage (盛景), Yasumitsu Rui (康光類), Ichijō (一乗), Tokifusa (辰房), Kinashi (木梨, Hiro), Niō (二王), Yasusada (安定), Yasuyoshi (安吉, ko-midare), Hiroyasu (弘安), Sue-Miike (末三池), Tomoyuki (友行, Takada), Tokiyuki (時行), Tomomitsu (友光), Saneyuki (實行), Nagamori (長盛).

Ko-midare saka ashi (小乱坂足) – Small midare with slanting ashi. There is also: saka (逆) – lit. “reverse” or “slanting.” Also read as gyaku. The Japanese reading “gyaku” is applied when elements appear in a reverse slanting manner (towards to kissaki). “Saka” is applied when referring to slanting but not necessarily reversed elements, e.g. slanting ashi are referred to as saka-ashi and not gyaku-ashi

Tomonari (友成), Norimune (則宗).

Hyōtan-midare (瓢箪乱) – Lit. “gourd” A hamon which reminds of irregular (midare) arrangement of gourd halves. 

Hasebe (長谷部), Nagayoshi (長義), Motoshige (元重). 

Chōji-midare (丁子乱) – Hamon which consists mainly of a mix of chōji (clove) and midare (irregular) elements. 

Rai Kuniyuki (来國行), Niji Kunitoshi (二字國俊), Rai Kunitoshi (来國俊), Kunitsuna (國綱, Awataguchi), Fūju school (諷誦, Ōshū).

Sugu ko-chōji (丁子) – small size chōji hamon elements based on the strait line pattern. 

Kunikiyo (国清, Awataguchi), Sanenaga (真長).

Ō-notare (大湾) – An undulating hamon pattern of large (depending on the amplitude) gentle waves.

Gō Yoshihiro (郷義弘), Kaifu group (海部), Morikage (盛景).

Sugu saka ashi (直坂足) – A strait line hamon pattern with mix of slanting ashi elements. 

Ryōkai (了戒), Masatsune (正恒), Kaifu group (海部), Yasukatsu (安勝, Yoshū), Yasunori (安則).

Midareba (乱刃) – An irregular hamon pattern which comes in many varieties.  

Norinaga (則長), Yakuōji school (薬王寺), Masamune (正宗), Yukimitsu (行光), Yoshimune (吉宗), Kunihiro (國弘), Daishinbō (大進房), Shitahara school (下原), Tametsuna (為綱), Kanetsugu (兼次), Hōju (宝壽), Sanekage (真景, Kashū), Norishige (則重), Sukehira (助平), Sukekane (助包), Suketsuna (助綱), Sadazane (貞真), Yasumitsu (康光).

Hitatsura (皆焼) – Lit. “all or everything hardened.” Gunome-midare, notare-midare, or other mix of undulating hamon elements with plentiful tobiyaki (tempered spots apart from the hamon), scattered throughout the blade, mostly also combined with muneyaki

Hasebe (長谷部), Sugawara Kuninaga (菅原國長), Kaga-Shirō line (加賀四郎), Shimada (島田),  Yukimitsu (行光), Akihiro (秋廣), Hiromitsu (廣光), Hirotsugu (廣次), Yoshihiro (吉廣), Masahiro (正廣), Hiromasa (廣正), Sukehiro (助廣), Masanori (正則), Tametsuna (為綱), Morihiro (守弘), Iemasa (家正, ko deki), Ietsugu (家次), Sue Tomonari (末友成), Ichijō (一乗), Tatsubō school (辰房).

Chōjiba-midare (丁子刃乱) – Hamon which consists mainly of a mix of chōji and midare elements.

 

Tamekiyo (為清, Hōki), Tomonari (友成, azuki, chōji, midare), Norimune (則宗), Moriie (守家, ko-midare), Yoshihira (吉平), Yoshimune (吉宗), Yoshimoto (吉元), Naganori (長則), Norinaga (則長), Nobufusa (延房), Sukenori (助則), Yoshimochi (吉用), Kageyasu (景安), Tametō (為遠), Tamekiyo (為清), Masatsugu (正次), Tsunemitsu (恒光), Narimune (成宗), Takahira (高平, chōji, ko-midare), Kanehira (包平), Sukehira (助平), Takakane (高包, ko-midare), Tōchika (遠近), Yukikuni (行國, midare, ko-midare), Yoshikane (吉包), Kunizane (国真, ashi, midare), Nagamitsu (長光).

Ō-chōjiba (大丁子刃) – Hamon which is entirely composed of large chōji elements.

Ryō Hisanobu“ (了久信), Niji Kunitoshi (二字国俊), Arikuni (有國), Hōjōji (法城寺), Nobufusa (信房), Sukezane (助真), Moriie (守家), Sanemori (真守), Sadatsuna (貞綱, midare), Yoshioka (吉岡), Sanetoshi“ (真利, azuki, nioi-deki), Mitsutada (光忠).

To be continued...